PTA West Boards


How to Install, Fit, Connect a Waste Disposal or Garbage Disposal Unit

How to Install, Fit, Connect a Waste Disposal or Garbage Disposal Unit


These are designed to grind the food waste and make it easier to wash it down the sink and prevent blockages in the drainage system. There are usually 2 type of waste disposal units.

a) Continuous feed -which mixes water with the waste or

b) Batch feed-which need to be covered before operation

You need to install these under a sink with a hole of 90 mm (3 1/2 in). It also needs to be connected to a fused connection unit

1. Insert the sink ring and rubber washer or seal into the sink hole waste outlet

2. Go under the sink and screw the waste outlet onto the sink

3. Make sure the snap ring is attached and secure-this holds the waste disposal unit firmly onto the sink

4. Attach the unit by screwing,bolting or clipping the unit onto the snap ring according to the instructions

5. You can attach the waste outlet to the trap under the sink or make a hole in the wall to insert a waste pipe to the outside

6. Connect the unit to a Fused Connection Unit or FCU protected by a 13 amp fuse



How to Replace a Hammer's Handle

How to Replace a Hammer's Handle


If you break or damage an adze eye hammer’s wooden handle, you can salvage the head and make a new handle. Here is how.

1. Saw off the handle near the hammer head and drive the remaining portion out with a punch or screwdriver. Save the metal wedges.

2. A new handle can be purchased or fabricated yourself.  Hickory wood makes the best handle material.

3. Place the new handle in a vise or clamp and cut two slots, evenly spaced, across the top of the shaft. The depth of the slots should be 2/3  the depth of the adze eye.

4. Drive the hammer head onto the shaft.

5. Cut the shaft flush with the hammer head.

6. Let the hammer sit in a warm oven about an hour in order to totally dry the shaft out and ready it for fitting.

7. Back in the vise now, drive in the two metal wedges to the slots. Tap each one alternately in order to spread the shaft evenly in the eye.

8. File or grind the metal wedges so that they are flush with the head.

9. Shellac finish the exposed wood of the shaft



How to Level a Wooden Floor with Hardboard

How to Level a Wooden Floor with Hardboard

If you have to tile over a wooden floor or floorboards which are not level or even then the best solution is to level the floor with hardboard or plywood. Here are some tips on how to level uneven wooden floors and floorboards before tiling or laying vinyl

1. Measure the size of the room in order to get the right amount of hardboard or plywood

2. Start in the middle of the room and work outwards

3. Nail or screw down the hardboard or plywood making sure they are not too long as to damage any pipe or electrical cables under the floor.

4. Stagger the boards  and use more nails and screws in the corners to make sure they are fixed down properly

5. Cut the corners and ends to fit

Note:  a. Mark the position of any pipes and cables onto the plywood or hardboard so you know where they are later on.

b. You may need to shave the bottom of the door to fit over the hardboard or plywood




How to Fit or Install Kitchen Sink Waste and Overflow

How to Fit or Install Kitchen Sink Waste and Overflow


1. Clean the inside of the kitchen sink  plug hole with some spirits 2. Apply some putty or clear silicone onto the underside of the metal waste fitting

3. Place the metal fitting into the sink hole and press down firmly wiping any excess sealant or putty from the sides.

4. Place rubber seal under the kitchen sink over the metal fitting threads

5. Push the overflow plug into the top hole in the sink

6. Insert the flexible hose onto the threaded overflow connector

7. Screw the plug onto the connector

8. Using pliers-clip the chain hook into the overflow with the chain and plug attached

9  Place the big rounded end of your overflow waste hose onto the metal fitting and secure with washer and nut

10. Press metal fitting down into waste hole as you tighten from underneath.

11. Replace trap, turn on water and test for leaks





How to Fix or Fit a Dado Rail

Dado rails are commonly used to create a feature wall or break up a two tone room where the bottom half may be decorated in a different paper or colour to the top half

To fit a Dado rail: measure height mark level line,cut ang le to join lengths together..

1. Measure the height you want to put up the rails and mark this line across the room or wall using a spirit level t;/p>

2. If you have a plasterboard wall then Use a “stud” finder to locate the studs

3. Cut lengths of dado rail to fit wall and fix to wall by either a) nailing b) Screwing c) Gluing

4. If you have to join two lengths together then:

5. Cut a 45 degree angle on the face of the first piece and fix then cut a 45 degree angle on the back of the second piece so that when you join them together they fit perfectly.This type of joint allows for shrinkage of the wood after time

6. Fit the dado rail to the walls as before



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